Bashir Gemayel was born
in Beirut, on November 10, 1947. He was the youngest of
a family of six children: four girls and two boys. His
home-town was Bikfaya in the caza of Metn. His father
was Pierre Gemayel, founder and president of the Lebanese
He completed his primary and intermediate studies at “Notre-Dame
de Jamhour” and his secondary studies at the Lebanese
In 1962, he joined the Kataeb party and became a member
in the Kataeb Student Section.
In 1968, he participated in a student colloquium organized
by the newspaper Orient, following the events which occurred
in the universities between the leftist students supporting
Palestinians in Lebanon and Lebanese and nationalist students.
In 1970, Palestinian militants kidnapped him from Dekwaneh
to the Tal el-Zaater camp and released him after 8 hours.
This incident had an impact on his subsequent political
In 1970, he paid a visit to Egypt in response to an invitation
addressed to him by Khaled Abdul-Nasser, the son of President
Jamal Abdul-Nasser, with whom he met, and he was impressed
by his personality.
He received a degree in Law (1971) and a degree in Political
Science (1973) from the Saint Joseph University in Beirut.
During the course of his university studies, he taught
for three years (1968 - 1971) Civil Education at the intermediate
and secondary levels in the Lebanese Modern Institute.
In 1971, he was appointed inspector in the Kataeb Regular
Forces, which was the para-military branch of the Kataeb
He traveled the same year to Dallas, Texas to take a law
course; he obtained in 1972 a degree from the American
and International Law Academy.
He joined the bar association and opened an office in
Hamra street, in West Beirut (1972-1975).
In 1973, he was appointed vice-president of the Kataeb
In 1974, he founded the “B.G.” squad, the
core of the Lebanese Forces, which was formed by university
students in order to face the Palestinian military danger,
reflected at that time by armed barricades, kidnapping
and attacks on citizens.
In 1976, he was appointed vice-president of the Kataeb
Military Council, then, president of the Military Council
following the death of William Hawi in the Tal el-Zaater
battle. During the same year, he met the Druze leader,
Kamal Jumblatt, in order to unify the Lebanese ranks against
the spread of the Syrian army in Lebanon.
During the same year, he formed the unified Lebanese Forces
and headed its leadership council.
In 1977, he married Solange Toutoungi.
In 1978, the Syrian army arrested him in Sassine square
and held him for a short period. In the same year, his
daughter Maya was born. He led the “100 days war”
against the Syrian forces which bombarded the two sectors
of Achrafieh and Ain el-Remaneh.
In 1980, his daughter Maya was killed by a car bomb aimed
at him. His daughter Youmna was born later. During the
same year, he unified the military forces in the Eastern
sector and put an end to the military confusion in this
region. He became a member in the Lebanese Front which
represented at that time the highest political power in
the Eastern sector.
In 1981, he led the battle of Zahleh, which was surrounded
by the Syrian army in the Bekaa valley. He paid his most
important visit to the United States, to explain the Lebanese
In 1982, he organized the first international conference
of solidarity with Lebanon. During the same year, his
son Nadim was born. He became a member in the “National
Salvation Front”, which was founded by president
Elias Sarkis, which included many Lebanese Christian and
Before he was elected president of the Lebanese Republic,
he traveled to Taef in Saudi Arabia where he met with
the foreign ministers of the Arab countries. The Lebanese
parliament elected him president of the Lebanese Republic
on August 23, 1982. He was killed along with many of his
companions in the explosion of the Kataeb headquarters
in the Achrafieh sector on September 14, 1982.
The Institution Founded by Bachir Gemayel
Al-Ashbal: its first camp was organized under the patronage
of sheikh Bashir in Jbeil scout camping grounds (1975).
Popular Committees: launched by sheikh Bashir in 1976,
their aim is the people’s participation in the
organization of daily life.
Hamat Airport: created by sheikh Bashir in 1976 for
special tourist trips and for the export of agricultural
Radio Free Lebanon: founded by sheikh Bashir in 1978
to explain to the world the reality of the Lebanese
Radio 102: out of sheikh Bashir’s desire for a
commercial station in order to alleviate the burden
of the war (1979).
Delta Computer: founded in 1979 as a specialized information
body related to all components of social organization.
Help Lebanon: founded to take care of children and alleviate
the consequences of the war.
Lebanese Forces television (LBC): launched in 1980 as
a national, educational, cultural and non-commercial
Gamma Group: an institution including specialists to
plan the building of a modern state in all of its sectors
The Lebanese Cultural Association: created in 1982 to
deal with intellectual, literature and artistic affairs
as well as Lebanese civilization.
Achrafieh Merchants Committee: created in 1982 to revive
the economy and trade and organize the market.
Achrafieh Festival Committee: created in 1982 to organize
fairs and exhibitions and to encourage artistic activities.